Frida Kahlo Chronology

Frida Kahlo Photo
Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo Calderon is born on 6 July as third daughter of Matilde Calderon de Kahlo, Mexican, and Wilhelm Kahlo, German, in Coyoacan, a suburb of Mexico City.

Frida Kahlo contracts polio, which leaves her with a slightly crooked right foot. She attends the Colegio Aleman elementary school in Mexico City.

As one of thirty-five girls amongst some two thousand pupils, she attends the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria with a view to studying medicine at university. She admires Diego Rivera at work at her school on fresco "The Creation."

On 17 September she is seriously injured in a collision between a tram and the bus in which she and her friend Alejandro Gomez Arias are travelling home from school. She spends a month in the Red Cross Hospital and starts painting during her convalescence. Her only previous artistic tuition has been a few drawing lessons from the commercial printmaker Fernando Fernandez, whose studio lay close to her school.

She becomes a member of the Mexican Communist Party and meets Diego Rivera again. They fall in love. In his fresco "Ballad of the Revolution", which he paints in the Ministry of Public Education, he depicts her wearing a red blouse and a star on her breast, distributing weapons for the revolutionary struggle.

On 21 August Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera are married. The couple live first in an apartment in the centre of Mexico City and then, while Rivera is executing a mural commission, in Cuernavaca. Kahlo leaves the Communist Party when Rivera is expelled from it.

Owing to the incorrect position of the fetus, Frida Kahlo's first pregnancy is terminated at the start of the year. Rivera is offered commission in the USA, and in November the couple move to San Francisco.

Frida Kahlo meets Dr. Leo Eloesser. He is to become her most trusted medical advisor for the rest of her life. Bothe the pain and deformity in her right leg increase. In July the couple return briefly to Mexico.

In April the couple move to Detroit, where Rivera has been awarded another commission. After three and a half months, Frida Kahlo's second pregnancy ends 4 July with a miscarriage at the Henry Ford Hospital. On 15 September, the artist's mother dies during a gall-bladder operation.

In March the couple move to New York, where Rivera paints a mural in Rockefeller Center. They return to Mexico at the end of the year and move into a new house in San Angel.

Due to "infantilism of the ovaries", Frida Kahlo's third pregnancy is again terminated at three months. Her right foot is operated on for the first time, and several toes are removed. Diego Rivera has an affair with her younger sister, Cristina.

Frida Kahlo leaves the house in San Angle for several months and takes her own apartment. She meets the American sculptor Isamu Noguchi and has an affair with him. She travels to New York with a number of women friends.

Back in the couple's joint home, she has a third operation on her foot. She becomes actively engaged in a solidarity committee in aid of the Spanish Republicans.

Leon Trotsky and Natalia Sedova arrive in Mexico on 9 January. Frida Kahlo places the Blue House in Coyoacan at their disposal.

Andre Breton and Jacqueline Lamba arrive in Mexico in April, in order to meet Trotsky. They stay with Guadalupe Marin, Diego Rivera's previous wife, and meet the Kahlo-Rivera. The first solo exhibition of Frida Kahlo's works is held in October/November in Julien Levy's gallery in New York. It is a great success. She begins an affair with the photographer Nickolas Muray.

She travels to Paris, where she exhibits her works in the Renou & Colle gallery in March and meets the Surrealist painters. Following her return to Mexico, she moves back into the family home in Coyancan. Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera are divorced a the end of the year.

In September she travels to San Francisco for treatment from Dr. Eloesser. There, on 8 December, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera are married for a second time.

On 14 April Guillermo Kahlo dies of a heart attack. From now on, the Kahlo-Riveras live in the Blue House in Coyoacan. Diego Rivera continues to use the house in San Angel as his studio.

Frida Kahlo starts writing a diary. She becomes a member of the Seminario de Cultura Mexicana.

She is awarded a professorship at the "La Esmeralda" school of Art. After only a few months she is forced by poor health to hold her classes at home in Coyoacan.

She receives a national prize from the Ministry of Public Education for her picture Moses. She goes to New York for an operation on her spine.

She rejoins the Mexican Communist Party.

She undergoes a total of seven operation on her spine and spends nine months in hospital.

Following her discharge from hospital, she in confined to a wheelchair for much of the time. From now on she has to take regular painkillers.

She helps to collect a list of signatures supporting the peace movement; Die Rivera shows her thus engaged in his mural "The Nightmare of War and the Dream of Peace".

Lola Alvarez Bravo organizes the first solo exhibition of Frida Kahlo's works in Mexico in her gallery. The artist attends the opening lying in bed. Her right leg is amputated below the knee.

She catches pneumonia, but while still convalescing, and against the advice of her doctors, nevertheless takes part in a demonstration against North-American intervention in Guatermala. On 13 July Frida Kahlo dies in the Blue House.

the Museo Frida Kahlo is opened and presented to the Mexican nation in accordance with the wishes of Diego Rivera, who died in 1957.